Epipremnum aureum

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Epipremnum aureum
Epipremnum-aureum.jpg
Classification
Group: Angiosperms
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Genus: Epipremnum
Species: E. aureum
Classified: G.S.Bunting, 1964 (Linden & André, 1880)
Growing
Propagation: From From seeds, cutting, layering
Adult size: over 30 m (90 ft); ~ 2 m indoors
Lighting: Medium
Watering: Let the soil dry slightly before watering
Fertilization: Monthly during active growth
Soil: Well drained
Humidity: High humidity preferred, low humidity tolerated
Other information
Toxicity: Toxic sap
Rarity: Common
See more Epipremnum

Common names:

Golden pothos, Pothos, Pothos aureus, Rhaphidophora aurea, Ceylon creeper, Hunter's robe, Ivy arum, Money plant, Silver vine, Solomon Islands ivy, Marble queen, Taro vine, Devil's vine, Devil's ivy

Epipremnum aureum is a epiphytic plant of the Araceae family. Native to the Society Islands, it makes an excellent houseplant and will tolerate a wide range of growing conditions.

Name

Epipremnum is from the Greek 'epi' meaning "upon" and 'premnon' meaning "a trunk".

Aureum means "gold" in Latin and refers to the gold variegation within the leaves.

Characteristics

Foliage

Template:Name mature foliage

E. aureum has deep green leaves with yellow variegation. If allowed to climb up a surface or a pole the leaves will become larger, up to 60cm across and begins to develop splits in the leaf.


Flower

While E. aureum is classified as an angiosperm, which generally produce flowers in their life cycle, it is the only reported species in its family (Araceae) that does not develop a flower. Regardless of where this “shy-flowering” plant is grown or what the conditions are like, it will not flower due to a genetic impairment.


Care

E. aureum wants bright, indirect light. It can tolerate some direct light but avoid hot midday sun or the leaves will scorch.

Use a well draining soil mix (see aroid soil) and water thoroughly, allowing excess to drain. A waterlogged soil will lead to yellow leaves.

Common issues

Yellowing/dropping leaves

Yellowing leaves are a sign of too much water. Ensure the pot has good drainage and allow the surface of the soil to dry between watering. Older leaves will naturally yellow and die eventually.

If the soil is staying moist for more than two weeks between watering, or the soil feels soggy or very wet after a week then consider repotting the plant into a smaller container: the roots staying wet for too long will lead to root rot and a quick decline in the plant's health. When repotting use a well drained mix (see aroid soil)

Sun damage

E. aureum can take some direct sun without damage but requires acclimatisation first or leaves will become bleached, will turn brown and eventually die. When moving your plant into an area which gets direct sunlight build up the plant's tolerance first. Limit the amount of direct sun to an hour a day for a few days, then two hours, then three and continue to slowly increase the plant's light exposure until it is fully acclimated.

When moving the plant outdoors, choose a spot in shade or that gets dappled or screened sunlight. Let the plant slowly acclimate to being outdoors and never move the plant into direct sun without slowly building up a tolerance first. Some direct morning or evening sun is fine but hot midday light will scorch the leaves.

Pests

E. aureum is relatively resistant to pests, however it can be affected by spider mites, mealybugs, scale, thrips and whitefly.